Discuss at Least Two Benefits and Challenges of Information Systems in Health Care
Please use the 7th edition APA style.
How do health care information systems enhance quality of care and coordination of care? Discuss at least two benefits and challenges of information systems in health care.
Health Care Information Systems
Information and communication technology continues to affect all areas of human knowledge. Amid this transformation, the health care sector has gained massively since it can collect and better manage health data. Health information can also be classified according to its variations and used effectively. Broadly, the primary role of information systems in health care is to manage all aspects of care and improving information management. This paper discusses how health care information systems enhance the quality and coordination of care and the benefits and challenges of information systems in health care.
Enhancing Quality of Care and Coordination of Care
Quality of care improves when health care environments avoid wastage of resources, minimizes adverse events, and responds to patient needs promptly. Through health care information systems, it is possible to observe errors and inconsistencies quickly. Bates (2015) further noted that health care information systems such as web-based tools act as decision-making support tools to prevent adverse events and provide the necessary information promptly to diagnose and treat problems. On the coordination of care, electronic information systems decrease care fragmentation by facilitating instant distribution of patient health information to all the health care providers responsible for patient care (HealthIT.gov, 2017). Since alerts are also prompt, health care providers can coordinate easily and follow up with the patient.
Benefits and Challenges
Information systems are indispensable in today’s health practice. They benefit health care by improving the management of patient information. They also play a vital role in improving documentation and reducing errors. Regarding challenges, Ahmadian et al. (2017) noted that there is still some negative attitude towards using health information systems in some areas. Such an attitude complicates health care delivery and can cause delays. Their implementation is also costly since they require using modern alert systems and machines to enhance efficiency.
In conclusion, communication technology is an integral part of present-day’s health care. Patient problems should be quickly identified, and monitoring them should be easy. It is also vital to share patient data quickly and consult each other promptly. Health care information systems have improved care coordination and quality of care and will continue to optimize health outcomes as time advances.
Ahmadian, L., Dorosti, N., Khajouei, R., & Gohari, S. H. (2017). Challenges of using Hospital Information Systems by nurses: comparing academic and non-academic hospitals. Electronic physician, 9(6), 4625. doi: 10.19082/4625
Bates, D. W. (2015). Health information technology and care coordination: the next big opportunity for informatics?. Yearbook of medical informatics, 10(1), 11. doi: 10.15265/IY-2015-020
HealthIT.gov. (2017, Sep 15). Improve care coordination. https://www.healthit.gov/topic/health-it-basics/improve-care-coordination